Thoracic outlet syndrome ( TOS) is a group of rare conditions involving compression of the nerves or blood vessels that serve the arm and hand, as they pass through the base of the neck and behind the collarbone on the way to the arm. Thoracic outlet syndrome ( TOS) represents a group of heterogeneous and potentially disabling upper- extremity disorders that are caused by extrinsic compression of neurovascular structures between the first rib and clavicle. Medical Treatment Guidelines _ _ _ _ _ Washington State Department of Labor and Industries Effective date April 1995; modified October Review Criteria for Vascular Thoracic Outlet Syndrome Surgery1 Surgery for vascular Thoracic Outlet Syndrome requires Utilization Review ( UR). Similar to other persis- tent pain conditions, the physical discomfort associated with NTOS can cause severe and often. Thoracic Outlet Syndrome ( TOS) is characterized by pain, paresthesias, and weakness in the upper extremity, which may be exacerbated by elevation of the arms or by exaggerated movements of the head and neck. Twenty years ago, the existence of such a syndrome was poorly understood and therefore its acceptance as a medical diagnosis was controversial [ 1 ]. Originally coined in 1956, the term TOS indicated a “ compression of the neurovascular structures in the interscalene triangle corresponding to the possible etiology of the symptoms. Updated Perspectives on Neurogenic Thoracic Outlet Syndrome Paul J. Thoracic outlet syndrome ( TOS) is a condition in which there is compression of the nerves, arteries, or veins in the passageway from the lower neck to the armpit. Jul 20, · Thoracic outlet syndrome ( TOS) is a disease which involves compression of the neurovascular bundle as it exits the thoracic girdle. There are three types of thoracic outlet syndrome: neurogenic, venous, and arterial.
The cause is pressure in the neck against the. The Washington University Center for Thoracic Outlet Syndrome at Barnes- Jewish Hospital describes in depth the important characteristics of neurogenic TOS, symptoms, exam and diagnosis, and treatment of. Thoracic outlet syndrome ( TOS) is a condition presenting with arm complaints of pain, numbness, tingling and weakness. There are 3 distinct types of TOS, which are classified according to the. There are three categories of thoracic outlet syndrome: arterial, venous and neurogenic. Christo & Kai McGreevy # Springer Science+ Business Media, LLC Abstract Pain represents a foremost feature of neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome ( NTOS).
The definition, incidence, diagnosis, and treatment of thoracic outlet syndrome ( TOS) are somewhat controversial. Most patients have pain, weakness, numbness, or tingling in the neck, shoulder, and arm. Neurogenic TOS is the most common type and occurs when the nerves in the brachial plexus are compressed, usually between the first rib and the scalene muscles. 6, 7 Nearly all aspects of TOS have served as a point of. 1- 5 The term “ TOS” was first described by Peet in 1956, describing a compression of neurovascular structures contained in the thoracic outlet. Arterial and venous thoracic outlet. Medicină neurolgie osteocondroză thoracic. There are three main types: neurogenic, venous, and arterial. Thoracic outlet syndrome ( TOS) remains a challenging, controversial, and often misunderstood and misdiagnosed upper extremity disorder.